While vs While: What's the difference? (2023)

What is the difference betweenduringyduring?

English speakers used the wordsduringyduringfor hundreds of years. But when it comes to modern English, many writers aren't sure when to use either term. The word "duringIt certainly sounds fancier, but these terms don't always have the same meaning.

when they areduringyduringthe same word?

WordsduringyduringShare thesame meaningsas subordinating conjunctions, where they join two sentences to describe simultaneous events or a contrast between ideas. For example,

  • During/duringI understand the purpose of chores, but that doesn't mean I enjoy it." (as opposed to an idea)
  • During/duringI'm going shopping, can you wash the dishes?" (simultaneous events)

DuringyduringThey also have the same meaning asrelative adverbs(e.g. where, when, why and which) to introduce a relative clause. As a relative adverb "during"y "during” replaces the meaning of 'during the.' For example,

  • "The storm came around midnight,during/duringI slept."
  • "Jack snuck into the kitchen for cookies.during/duringI was getting ready for work.

In both cases, the main difference betweenduringyduringincludes regional dialects:

  • Duringis standard English for American English.
  • british english usedduringyduring(despite "during" is formal).
While vs While: What's the difference? (1)

What came first:duringoduring?

We often see grammar enthusiasts debating whether “during" o "during" came first. But if you want to understand the origins of these conjunctions, it's important to consider another source of confusion: "during.“

As noted in theNew Oxford American Dictionary, the word "during’ is also a conjunction (albeit an unusual one) (“Whiles” 1969). Intermediate English "during" is an archaic form of "during' where it was used within adverbs to mean 'Some time" Pro'previously'o "on the contrary" Pro 'sometimes(1969).

The use of "during' began in late Middle English as a reconstruction of 'during," in which the "-t' was added at the end ("Whilst" 1969). Similar regional differences occur with terms like "in the middle vs in the middle" o "low against low,” where words ending in “-S tthey are more common in England, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand than in the United States.

However, there was a time when "during” occurred interchangeably with “during' for American vocabulary. AfterGarners Usage of Modern English, the word "during' was made obsolete by American English throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, noting that 'Unless the source was British, many American readers seemed to reek of conceit.(“During” 963).

Before continuing, it is worth noting that conjunctionsduringyduringare Middle English abbreviations from Old Englishthā hwīle ('doing that"), comes from Old English'during'('Time frame"). As he explains itFowlers' Modern English usagemeant the original definitions of conjunctions"in the time that" o "simultaneously.“

The timeless meaning ofduringyduringonly appeared in the 16th century (Early Modern English) when English speakers incorporated the conjunction into meaning'despite'o'while' ("During" 882).

So there you have it:First came the noun (during), then the adverb (during), then the conjunction (during) and shortly after the conjunctions (duringyduring).

Other differences, for exampleduringcontraduring

Outside of conjunctions and relative adverbs, American English uses "during' as a verb and a noun. But it turns out that so do English speakers everywhere else. That is because "during"is not always synonymous with"during.“

As a noun and verb, the word "during' always conveys the concept of time. we use"during"as a noun to meaning"a period of time' and the verb must mean 'to pass the time quietly.” You may recognize these terms in sentences like:

  • Spend time: (the literal definition of “during' as a verb).
  • Occasionally(archaic): "occurs between time intervals".
  • Worth it: Something worth the time and effort.

Uses: No matter where you come from, never substitute the noun or verb “during" con "during;they are completeseparateWords.

What doesduring¿común?

The word "during' exists primarily as a noun, conjunction, and verb in English. As a conjunction or adverb, 'during' is equivalent to 'during” (mainly british).

Duringas a noun

As a noun the wordduringmeans 'aUndefinedbut little time' o 'the time andeffortis needed to complete a task.' Also, the noun is "during' is often found in sentences like 'more time" mean 'for some time.'

Examples of Sentences:

  • “We study new words for aduring.“
  • "he has oneduringpick up their toys
  • "it takes oneduringGet editing access to Wikipedia”.

synonyms noun

[1]: Age, Bit, Day, Duration, Eternity, Infinity, Jiffy, Time Lapse, Duration, Minute, Moment, Period, Eternity, Season, Second, Space, Lapse, Magic, Stage, Distance, Fragment, Term, Time.

[2]: Test, Effort, Effort, Effort, Effort, Grind, Work, Pain, Shot, Effort, Sweat, Work.

antonyms nouns

[2]: Dexterity, Calm, Ease, Idleness, Inaction, Laziness, Laziness, Laziness, Silence.

Duringoduringlike a conjunction

Use English speakersduring(oduring) as a conjunction for two different purposes:

1. To describe how one or more events occur simultaneously or "as long as something happens.' For example,

  • "I cleaned the houseduringYou were at work."
  • "Let's walk the dogduringthey watch The Bachelor."

2. Contrast ideas in a similar way'despite'o 'although…'. For example,

  • DuringI am unemployed, I use my time cleaning the house”.
  • DuringI appreciate your love for reality TV, I'd rather enjoy the sun and fresh air."

Synonyms for conjunctions

[1]: Like, at the same time as, during time, during, during, in time, during time, during, during.

[2]: Although, although, how, but, despite the fact that, despite the possibility, although, even provided, despite everything, however, despite the fact, how, however, although, when, during, during.

<h4>Conjunction of antonyms</h4>

[1]: After.

Duringas a verb

finally the transitive verbduring" means 'spend time in an idle, pleasant or leisurely way.'verb formVonduringContains:during (past participle/verb tense), during (present participle/continuous), yduring/during(Gift).

Examples of Sentences:

  • “Residents read gossip sheets as a distractionduringeliminate absent visitors.”
  • "She spent most of college indoors and outdoorsduringWasting time writing endless essays on Foucault.
  • “Cloudy days are perfect forduringSpend the afternoons in the library.
  • "Mumbleduringher days off sewing clothes for her grandchildren.”

synonyms of verbs

Seduce, kill time, occupy, spend, spend.

how to useduringcontraduringIn a sentence?

While vs While: What's the difference? (2)

The only time writers needselectin between "during" y "during' is when they use the terms as a conjunction or relative adverb. Therefore, the most important usage rule is regional dialects:

  • American English uses "during.“
  • British English can"during" o "during.“

Having said that,the word counterhas some tips for using both terms in one sentence:

#one. Avoid ambiguity with synonyms

English writers may use the conjunctionduringcontrast or compare independent clauses. However, some grammariansadviseagainst this practice by evoking the notion of'Hour.' To avoid ambiguity, try going for a non-temporal conjunction, like:

  • "Even though…"
  • "Despite…"
  • "As long as…"
  • "But…"
  • "Although..." or "Although..."
  • "Though I suppose..."
  • "Sitting that..."
  • "Nevertheless…"
  • "However..." or "However..."
  • "However..." or "However..."
  • "While…"
  • "Yet…"

#2. never use"during" substitute "y

According to Garner's modern English usage"during” should never replace the conjunction'y'("During" 962). For example,

  • "My father is a muggleduring [read as "and"]My mother, Professor McGonagall, is a teacher at Hogwarts."(Incorrect)

Correct examples of conjunctionsduring" y "y" Contains:

  • "I'm cleaning the kitchenduringYou fold the clothes.
  • "Clean the kitchenduringYou folded the clothes."
  • "How about I clean the kitchenyDo you fold clothes?

#3. Avoid "during' for superfluous phrases

Another common mistake of the word "during“ includes superfluous sentences like “while at the same time." The conjunction "during' already conveys simultaneous actions, so a tautology arises after 'simultaneously' (i.e. say the same thing twice).

Test yourself!

Do you think you know the difference betweenduringyduring? Find out how well you understand these commonly confused words with the following multiple choice questions.

  1. True or False: The word "during" requires an apostrophe.
    a. CERTAIN
    b. false
  2. True or false: The frequency of "during" and "during" depends on the regional dialect of the speaker.
    a. CERTAIN
    b. false
  3. "While" is common for which regional dialects?
    a. American English
    b. British English
    C. Australian English
    that is to say. All of the above
  4. The main difference between the words "during" and "during" is ________________.
    a. Whereas it means "a short period of time".
    b. Although it is not standard English in the United States.
    C. While it means "a long time."
    that is to say. While it is not a noun or a verb.
  5. The non-temporal meaning of "during" and "during" appeared in ________________.
    a. 11th century
    b. 14th century
    C. siglo 16
    that is to say. 18th century
  6. The conjunction ___________ can describe an event that occurs while something else is happening.
    a. During
    b. Bye
    C. During
    that is to say. All of the above


  1. B
  2. A
  3. D
  4. B
  5. C
  6. D


  1. relative adverbs.“Resources to learn English, education first, 2020.
  2. also during.“reverse conjugation, Reverso-Softissimo, 2020.
  3. During.“The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5. Aufl., Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 2020.
  4. During.“lexicon, Oxford University Press, 2020.
  5. During.“The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary,Merriam-Webster Inc., 2020.
  6. during and during.“Cambridge Dictionary, Cambridge University Press, 2020.
  7. "During. (connection)."Fowler's Dictionary of Modern English Usage, 4th ed., Oxford University Press , 2015 , p. 882
  8. "During", "During", "During".New Oxford American Dictionary, 3rd ed., Oxford University Press, 2010, page
  9. "During", "During".Modern American usage of Garner, 3rd ed., Oxford University Press , 2009 , pp. 962–963.
  10. During.“lexicon, Oxford University Press, 2020.
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